MVC is an architectural pattern that consists of three parts: Model, View, and Controller, or, to put it another way, it splits the program into three logical parts: the model, view, and controller. It was originally designed for desktop graphical user interfaces, but it is now being used to create mobile and online apps. In this blog, let’s discuss what is MVC and the advantages of MVC Architecture in detail. If you want to learn more about MVC then join MVC Training in Chennai with certification and placement support for your career enhancement.
What is MVC?
The Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern divides an application into three logical components: model, view, and controller. Each of these components is designed to handle certain parts of application development. MVC is a popular industry-standard web development framework for developing scalable and flexible projects.
History of MVC:
MVC was created by Trygve Reenskaug. When he was a visiting scientist at Xerox Palo Alto Research Laboratory (PARC) in 1978/79, he wrote the initial reports on MVC. MVC was originally known as “Thing Model View Editor,” but it was quickly modified to “Model View Controller.”
Tygrve was created to address the issue of users handling a vast and complicated data set. MVC as a practice has evolved throughout time. The MVC pattern was first utilized as an architectural paradigm for graphical user interfaces because it was created before web browsers (GUI).
MVC is now used to create web apps. Ruby on Rails, Laravel, Zend Framework, CherryPy, Symphony, and more web frameworks employ the MVC principle. Join MVC Course in Chennai with certification for your career enhancement.
MVC is an architectural pattern, which implies it governs the application’s whole design. Even though it is frequently referred to as a design pattern, we may be mistaken if we refer to it solely as such. Design patterns are used to solve a specific technical problem, whereas architecture patterns are used to solve architectural problems, and thus affect the entire architecture of our application.
It has three main components:
and each of them has specific responsibilities
MVC is utilized for two primary reasons: first, it prevents us from repeating ourselves, and second, it aids in the creation of a robust structure for our online applications.
It is considered as the lowest level since it is in charge of data maintenance. Handle data rationally, therefore it’s mostly about data. Because the model is linked to the database, everything you do with data will be reflected in the model. The model component is where you add or retrieve data. Because the controller never talks to the database on its own, it reacts to controller requests. The model communicates with the database and then provides the required data to the controller. It’s worth noting that the model never directly communicated with the view.
The view component is in charge of data representation. It creates the user interface, or UI, for the user. So, when you think of a view component in a web application, only think of the HTML/CSS section. The data acquired by the model component is used to construct views, however, these data are passed through the controller rather than directly to the view, thus the view only communicates with the controller.
Because the controller is the component that facilitates the interaction between the views and the model, it is referred to as the “main man.” The controller doesn’t have to deal with data logic; all it has to do is inform the model what to do. After getting data from the model, it processes it before sending it all to the display and explaining how to portray it to the user. Views and models cannot converse directly.
Advantages of MVC:
The user interface will be separated from the business logic and business logic will be separated from the user interface.
– The components can be reused.
– Simple to keep up with.
– In MVC, different components of the application may be deployed and maintained individually.
– This design aided in the independent testing of components.
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I hope that this blog helps you to get some valuable information about MVC. if you want to learn more about MVC then join FITA Academy because it provides you training from real-time working experts and also helps you to enhance your career by providing certificates and placement support.